Maianthemum bifolium, commonly called false lily of the valley is native to forests, thickets, stream banks, and moist hillsides. It is a rhizomatous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows to 6 to 8 inches in height and slowly spreads out to take up a space of about 20 inches.
Each stem features two cordate ovate leaves (about 3 inches in length). Small star-like flowers bloom in May to June on upright racemes (each containing 15 to 20 flowers) about 2 inches in height. Flowers are followed by tiny red berries which mature in the August to September time frame.
How to Make Maianthemum Bifolium Thrive
False lily of the valley is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade. The preference is rich, loose, humusy, consistently moist soils in summers with moderate temperatures. This plant is intolerant of the hot and humid summers of the Deep South as well as dry soils.
General Maianthemum Bifolium, Or False Lily of the Valley Information
Pests and Diseases
No serious insect or disease problems.
You can easily propagate Maianthemum bifolium by division in early autumn.
False Lily of the Valley is an ideal ground cover in woodland gardens, it is also an ideal choice to plant along ponds, or stream peripheries, as well as moist woodland areas; it is very effective when planted with hostas and ferns.
- Family: Asparagaceae
- Common Name: false lily of the valley
- Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
- Hardiness Zones: Zones 3 to 7
- Height: 6 to 9 inches
- Width: 12 to 18 inches
- Bloom Time: May to June
- Bloom Description: White
- Sun: Part shade
- Water: Medium
- Maintenance: Medium
- Fruit: Showy